Vol 9.27 - Hosafot - Supplement Spanish French Audio Video
Sichat Motzai Shabbat Bereshit – to Jewish woman and girls 5735 - תשל"ה
Par. 1 Shabbat Bereshit- the last Shabbat of the month of Tishrei - an inclusive month (חודש הכללי). The epitome of the “mundane year” (שנת החול). “Yaakov went on his way”. To draw down Judaism, G-dliness and holiness even into mundane "manners”. This aspect begins in the conduct of the “home” which is dependent of Jewish woman and girls, the "mainstay of the home" (עקרת הבית). This is through lighting Shabbat candles on Erev Shabbat.
Par. 6 Another connection of women to kindling Shabbat candles - it is not just a rectification of Chava’s faltering, but rather the inner reason is that this is honor for raising holy children and adding peace in the world and long life for one’s husband.
Par 7. In our generation, even young girls, who have reached the age of education must light Shabbat and Yom Tov candles, and also give Tzedakah beforehand.
Par 9. Virtue of women’s’ gatherings to study Torah and so forth.
Par 10. Lesson from Rashi’s commentary in the beginning of Parshat Noach – regarding Chinuch. 1. Remembering Tzaddikim in a praiseworthy manner. 2. The "descendants" of Tzaddikim are good deeds.
Par 13. Blessings to Jewish women and girls, and encouragement in the three Mitzvot of Shabbat candles, Kashrut and Family Purity.
Sichot and Letters
Saying Mishneh Torah (Sefer Devarim) to Yisroel before their entering the land - lesson for the role of Yeshivot.
Rosh Chodesh – 9 Menachem Av 248
A double consolation (נחמה בכפליים). Especially in the latter generations after the publicizing of the letter of the Baal Shem Tov regarding the spreading of the wellsprings of Chassidut.
Addition during the nine days in Torah and Tzedakah. The three pillars – the Tefillin campaign, setting times (משמרות) for study, increasing Tzedakah, and Mivtza Tefillin, throughout the twenty-four hour period of Tisha b’Av.
5 Menachem Av. 251
Lesson from the Avodah of the Arizal in Torah, in mitzvot – in joy
9th Menachem Av 253
“Who is a Jew (“Mihu Yehudi"). Accepting non-Jews into Klal Yisroel – the continuation of Galut and the Churban.
Delaying Chitas lessons until after Tisha b’Av.
The connection of the beginning of the Talmud, “When do we read the Shema etc.” with its conclusion “a vessel that holds a blessing” – peace.
Answering Amen on children’s blessing in the course of their studies. Pronunciation of G-d’s names when teaching blessings.
A child holding a Sefer Torah after Hagba’ah.
The view of the Avnei Nezer regarding borrowing Tefillin from one’s fellow.
Beginning to put on Tefillin at the age of twelve.
Having another put Tefillin on someone, due to weakness.
Tefillin of Shimusha Rabba and Ra’avad.
Negation of changing a Tefillin knot from Chabad custom to Polish custom.
Rectification for missing the Mitzvah of Tefillin. Rectification for missing donning Tefillin of Rabbeinu Tam.
Writing the letter Hei of the Tetragrammaton according to the view of the Alter Rebbe.
Placing a mezuzah on the doorpost according to Hekar Tzir (the direction of the door opening).
Lesson in Avodat HaAdam regarding the protection of a mezuzah. The Segulah of a mezuzah
Tu B’Av 261
Siyum of tractate Taanit and its connection to the beginning of Tractate Rosh Hashanah; three types of Jewish daughters – tzaddikim, Beinonim , and Reshaim.
Setting the cornerstone of Shikun Chabad in Eretz Yisroel.
Nullification of complaints regarding a person's condition - which are the schemes of the Yetzer.
Explanation of the note in Likkutei Levi Yitzchak on Zohar, Parshat Eikev regarding the three expressions: “to draw life”, “to pour”, “to draw down” (לארקא לאמשכא לאנהרא).
“If you leave Me for one day, I will leave you for two days” - does this apply to just Torah or in all aspects of holiness.
Fulfilling Birkat HaMazon through saying the concise blessing “Brich Rachamana” (בריך רחמנא) etc.
Advise to one whose mind is not settled.
Prayer (תפלה) 268
Two modes of Avodah - Torah and prayer, and they include one another.
The virtue of prayer. Citing the sources of the prayers, meditating beforehand.
Missing the time of Kriat Shema and prayer due to Hitbonenut/Meditation.
Explanation of the Torah teaching of the Baal Shem Tov on the verse “a prayer of a poor person etc.”
Explanation of the text of the invitation to a bar mitzvah boy that the bar mitzvah boy should be a Chassid, Yirat Shamaim and Lamdan ( pious, G-d fearing and a Torah scholar - (Chayil/חי"ל ) according to the intent of the Rebbe shilt”a.
Attaining a feeling for prayer through Chassidut. General or specific prayer.
Advice for praying properly.
Explanation of the story of the Rebbe Maharash and R’ Yisroel Salanter regarding spending time in prayer ("Prayer Accomplishes Half").
Advice against improper thoughts during prayer.
Explanation of “You have returned my soul into me” and precise wording “I deposit my soul”.
Reciting morning blessings when one was awake all night; if one may be called up to the Torah in communal prayer even when one has heard it beforehand.
Customs of wearing a gartel/belt during prayer.
Our custom that bochurim do not wrap themselves with a tallit when they lead the prayer services, and so forth.
Changing Minhagim to Nusach Chabad; turning one’s face during Birkat kohanim.
Virtue of the prayer Nusach (text) of the Alter Rebbe.
Debate if one should lead the prayers in a Beit Haknesset whose majority do not keep Shabbat.
Debate in the laws of pausing (Hefsak) in Pesukei d’Zimra.
Time for the Mincha prayer on erev Shabbat Kodesh.; negation of skipping Pesukei d’Zimra at the very onset.
Touching the Tefillin when reciting the verse “Open Your Hand”; putting on Tefillin of Rabbeinu Tam; reciting Kriat Shema on Motzai Shabbat Kodesh; Mishnayot and Kaddish d’Rabbanan for a mourner; the time of putting on Tefillin before the Bar Mitzvah.
The prayer leader’s repetition of the Amidah when there are only six people praying.
Whether lengthiness of prayer defers hearing Kedusha from the prayer leader.
Answering Kedusha when one is praying Shema Koleinu. Minhag of Hagba’ah according to the custom in the Beit Haknesset of the Rebbe Rayatz.
Our Minhag not to recite the Thirteen Principles of Faith.
Saying Borchu every morning after prayer.
Correlating the words of the Zohar (2:156a) that Mincha is not a propitious time (עת רצון) versus the Talmud (Berachot 6b) that Eliyahu was only answered in the Mincha prayer; Night is the time of judgements (דינים).
Reciting the Thirteen Attributes of Mercy when praying individually.
The time to say the half-kaddish after reading the Torah on Mincha of Shabbat. Reciting “V’Shomru” (ושמרו) in Shabbat evening prayer.
Putting on a Tallit Gadol before marriage.
The correct voxelization of “Zechor” (זכור) in Avinu Malkeinu.
The nusach of the yehi ratzon of kohanim.
Nullification of hardships in Parnasa through fulfilling mitzvot.
Achdut and Bitachon (unity and faith) – nullifies tests (הנסיונות).
The necessity for carefulness in Kashrut of food and drink.
"Tithe for the purpose of becoming wealthy".
“G-d will bless you in all that you do”. The difference between “each person according to his ability" and “the donation you can afford to give”. Joining in contributing to the printing of the Mamarim of the Tzemach Tzedek in commemoration of the one-hundredth year of his Histalkut.
Giving Tzedakah at the “VaYevareich David” prayer (in Pesukei d’Zimra) or before commencing prayer.
Debate regarding giving Tzedakah at night.
Virtue of spiritual Tzedakah.
Virtue of Tzedakah, in general, and to orphans in particular.
Virtue of giving Tzedakah in a Pushka each day.
Virtue of a healthy body.
Elul is the acronym: “but G-d brought (it) about into his hand” (אנה לידו ושמתי לך). City of refuge. A propitious time to awaken the public to do Teshuvah and good deeds. The connection to the sounding of the Shofar of the month of Elul.
Elul is the month of accounting. However, during the rest of the year, one must occupy oneself with Avodah and not account for the past. The luminary in it (Elul) returns one to good.
Encouragement to the students of yeshivot in their personal Avodah and with others.
To the students: a time of accounting that comes after the summer vacation.
Virtue of beginning the study period in the days of Elul.
Parable of the King is in the field, and this is dependent upon the will of each person.
Avodah from complete love.
Awakening to Nshei u'Banot Chabad to strengthen their husbands and children in Torah study.
Parable of the King is in the field.
Days of the revelation of the thirteen attributes of Mercy and the connection to the tribe of Levi and each person whose sprit drives him etc.
Parable of the King is in the field and the debate and notes in the details.
Psalm 27: the words: "my light", "my salvation", "the stronghold of my life" (Ori, Yishi, Ma’oz Chayai) – three levels.
Parable of the King is in the field and the connection to women and girls.
Parable of the King is in the field. Sounding the shofar in the days of Elul.
Segulah of Rosh Chodesh Elul that falls on a Wednesday.
Negation of renewing the Sanhedrin in our times.
To the leader of the Sephardic congregations in the Holy Land concerning the thought of travelling to the U.S.
Debate in the explanation of the Beraita in the Talmud Yerushalmi in the beginning of tractate Horayot “one might think that if you are told that right is left" (that you should listen).
"Man is a tree of the field" – a minor change in the seed changes the tree.
Three levels in Shlichut - in Avodat hashem.
Dyeing the beard
Marriage matters 326
Allusions in the Nusach of the engagement contract (Tenaim): “He who finds a wife finds good, and draws favor from G-d who is good” "They will not flee nor hide . .and will dwell together with love and affection as is the societal norm", "not him from her, nor her from him", "May the One Who from the beginning knows the end, say to the good connection, 'He who finds a wife finds good'".
Explanation of “make a light for the Ark”, the way it is learnt in Gan Eden.
Marriage between a man and a woman is an allusion to the general Avodah of a person.
Explanation of the expression: “an everlasting edifice” in marriage.
The marriage of two brothers to two sisters.
Setting the time of the wedding on Rosh Chodesh before the time of the Molad (the precise birth of the new moon).
Explanation of the text of the blessing: " in the Garden of Eden of old".
The necessity of a "Mechitza" between men and woman at a wedding.
Debate in the law of the signing witnesses and transferring witnesses (עדי מסירה ועדי חתימה) in a Get and giving one Get two times.
If saying: “write and give” (a Get) through the telephone helps.
Chai Elul 337
Chai Elul brings a vitality in the aspects of Elul ; the Torah teaching of the Baal Shem Tov on the verse (Dev.26:2) “and go to the place which the L-rd, your G-d, will choose to have His Name dwell there”.
Chai Elul 5722 – the one hundred fiftieth year of the Histalkut of the Alter Rebbe – strengthening and addition in Torah and Tzedakah . “Keren Shneur”.
Additional diligence and exertion of the students of Tomchei Tmimim from Chai Elul onward.
The printing of Kuntras Chai Elul 5708.
Avodah of Chai Elul: vitality in Ani L’Dodi v’Dodi Li. Birthday of the Alter Rebbe and the Baal Shem Tov.
Virtue of the day and its Segulah.
The day that rectifies the month of Tishrei; and the time of setting an accounting of the soul (חשבון נפש) for the past and especially for those who are occupied in the field of Chinuch.
Bikkurim – allusion to the purpose of the creation of man and his Avodah.
Rectifying the law of "Mihu Yehudi" (Who is a Jew) and joining in the public fast-day to nullify it.
Debate in Pirush HaMishnayot of Rambam (Demai 1:2 ) regarding the law of an Onan regarding Maaser Sheini.
Choice and ability is in the hand of each person etc.
Rosh Hashanah 362
Blessings after giving the Pan Klali; erev Rosh Hashanah 5728, 5729,5731 .
Rosh Hashanah (the head of the year) and not the beginning of the year. However, in a manner of Kaballat Ol (accepting the yoke) which is above intellect. Especially on Rosh Hashanah that occurs on Shabbat.
Lesson from Rosh Hashanah that occurs on Shabbat. Additional teaching from this.
Virtue of friendship and Ahavat Yisroel.
Friendship: among the things that the Torah is acquired with. Connecting Rosh Hashanah and Motzai Rosh Hashanah through studying Chassidut.
Explanation of “Tamim” - complete in one’s limbs, and the rectification of a defect (פגם) through Teshuvah.
Rosh Hashanah is established specifically on the day of man’s creation.
Virtue of a complete year (shana temimah); and when Shabbat comes immediately after Rosh Hashanah.
Rosh Hashanah that occurs on Shabbat.
Our custom when reciting the Yehi Ratzon when eating the apple on Rosh Hashanah.
The time of eating the apple on the first night of Rosh Hashanah; and the new fruit on the second night.
Precision of the view of the Alter Rebbe regarding the reason that one does not sound the shofar on Rosh Hashanah, that occurs on Shabbat.
Debate on what is written in Kuntras U’mayin (Maamer 17) regarding the explanation of the statement of the Sages (Beitzah 16a) that the sustenance of a person is set from Rosh Hashanah, and their statement (Rosh Hashanah 16a) that a person is judged every day.
Virtue of chinuch and the connection to the mitzvah of Hakhel
Yom Kippurim 379
Blessings erev Yom Kippur; after Mincha 5726; before Kol Nidrei 5726; 5727-5729; after Mincha 5730, 5731; before kol Nidrei 5731.
The amount for Netilat Yadiyim (washing of the hands) on Tisha b’Av and Yom Kippur.
Debate in the words of the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan aruch ( OC 608:8) “foods of dairy and butter”.
Our Minhag in reciting Elokeinu v’Elokei Avoteinu and Ribono shel Olam before the Parsha of the Akeidah on Yom Kippur; Tachanun and Al Cheit in Kriat Shema Sh’Al HaMitah (bedtime Kriat Shema) on Yom Kippur.
Washing the hands of the kohanim on Motzai Yom Kippur.
The reason that Yom Kippur is called Rosh Hashanah in Scripture in the year of the Yovel.
Chag HaSukkot 388
During the handing of etrogim through the emissaries of Kfar Chabad – 5731, 5732. Distributing the Arba Minim to youth who emigrated from Russia – 5732.
Virtue of Etrogim from Calabria.
Planting Calabria seedlings in the Holy Land.
In our generation the view of those who prohibited grafted etrogim has been clarified.
Handing over one’s Arba Minim for others.
Ahavat Yisroel - in all the festivals of the month of Tishrei.
The triple happiness of Sukkot.
The primary joy is through Achdut.
Difference between a Sicha and a Maamer.
The Mitzvah of Sukkah encompasses all the aspects of a person.
Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah 393
Virtue of the happiness of Simchat Torah.
The main aspect is Avodat HaAdam like a marriage where the main aspect is through the woman; the intent of the hiddenness (ההעלם) is that one should search for G-d. This is the joy of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah.
Proclaiming “and Yaakov went on his way” and the end of Simchat Torah
Avodah of the kohanim who are also Levites – “They shall teach Your ordinances to Jacob . .they shall place incense before You etc.”
General Letters for Rosh Hashanah
Chai Elul 5710 (Yiddish and Hebrew) 403-404
Tishrei is a time for prayer that is especially effective through giving Tzedakah beforehand. this includes giving spiritual help to one who is "poor" in spirit.
Third day of Selichot 5711 (Yiddish and Hebrew) 406-407
Year of Shemita that comes through "a Sabbath to G-d". Resting from earthly endeavors and devoting oneself to G-d in all details of one's life.
Chai Elul 5712 (Yiddish and Hebrew) 408-409
End of the Year of Shemita and beginning of the Mitzvah of Hakhel – unique time to strengthen Judaism
First day of Selichot 5713 (Yiddish and Hebrew) 410-412
Rosh Hashanah - day of man’s creation who is the purpose of Creation. In avodah this means that a person draws down his aspect of “man” into his “vegetative” and “mineral” aspects.
Days of Selichot 5714 414-415
The past year proved all the lies in many ideals and “isms”. The deficiency of “compromise” in aspects of Torah and Mitzvot.
Days of Selichot 5715 415
Rosh Hashanah - day of man’s creation who has free-choice to reveal the simple faith within him, and to influence the entire world despite his small number.
Days of Selichot 5716 417
An accounting of the soul must be in a manner that does not accentuate deficiencies. For negative things do not have the power versus positive things. Therefore, one must negate despair etc.
Days of Selichot 5717 419
The manner of an accounting of the soul from an analogy of the limbs of a body. Just as each organ is dependent and influences the other organs, so too, each person of Yisroel and each community is dependent and influences all Yisroel. Meditating on the history of the Jewish People proves the error of the view that “we should be like all the nations” or that of “compromises”
Chof-Hei Elul 5718 423
“Seek My face”; Your face, Hashem, will I seek!”: Even those who outwardly appear to be lacking – through the revealing of the Pnimiyut will come before G-d. This is especially pertinent to Rabbis and Teachers in their dealings with their followers.
Chof-Hei Elul 5719 425
Each person – like Adam HaRishon – has the ability to conquer the world completely and to elevate it.
Days of Selichot 5720 427
Teshuvah – a rectification for the past through G-d’s power which is above time
Erev Shabbat Kodesh P’ Nitzavim 5721 429
“You are all standing this day before the L-rd, your G-d”. All of the Jewish People standing strong through unity the flows from their G-dly souls. The purpose is to strengthen the bond with G-d, His Torah and His Mitzvot.
Chof-Hei Elul 5722 431
After a year of danger of atomic weapons and danger to Jewish communities, and similarly to Yisroel – each person must endeavor to rectify the situation by accepting the yoke of the kingdom of Heaven that brings a life of spiritual and physical happiness; and Teshuvah, prayer and Tzedakah that annul an evil decree.
Days of Selichot 5723 434
The advice that awakening Days of Awe - accepting the yoke of the kingdom of heaven and teshuvah - should have its effect, when it starts from the individual, each person with his specific Avodah
Days of Selichot 5724 438
Rosh Hashanah - the day of the creation of man who effects, in the whole world, the recognition the kingdom of G-d. So too, each person of Yisroel is similar to Adam HaRishon, whose action is "(G-d) Rule over the whole world .. and everyone know etc"; Especially in our time when one person can destroy the whole world, and the measure of good is greater.
Days of Selichot 5725 441
Approaching the year of the Shemita, one must learn from the Scriptural order, "the Land shall rest . . for six years sow the land etc.". The purpose of it all, and the first thought is “a Sabbath to G-d”. This also must be in all the Avodah of a person.
Days of Selichot 5726 444
Two opposing points in the Mitzvah of "Hakhel": Congregating all the people, even the simplest and the reading of the Parshiot by the king, the chosen among the people; The deep Bitul to G-d through the king nullifying the ego and the “I” of the one hearing. Through this Torah permeates all parts of his beig. From this, the lesson at this time.
Days of Selichot 5727 447
End of the "Hakhel" year - time to correct all matters in thought, speech and deed, through proper Teshuvah.
Days of Selichot 5728 450
From the main aspects of Rosh Hashanah - the coronation of God as King by accepting the yoke of His kingship – this is applicable every day; In our era where many countries are built on "independence", the aspect of "Kaballat Ol" is more difficult. However, G-d says: "I ask only according to their power". On the contrary, there is a virtue of the feeling of "independence".
Days of Selichot 5729 453
Rosh Hashanah – “This day is the beginning of Your deeds” - the day of man’s Creation is the purpose of Creation; The overpowering of quality over quantity; and so too in the Avodah of every person
Motzai Shabbat Kodesh – Chai Elul 5730 457
The manner of an accounting of the soul (חשבון נפש) of the days of Elul and the Aseret Yemei Teshuvah Asi'at; An accounting not by the person’s intellect but with the help of the Torah; Three levels: "Ori", "Yishi", "Maoz Chayai".
Days of Selichot 5731 462
General lesson from the verse "You are all standing etc." that is always read before Rosh Hashanah: The standing of all Yisroel strong and united as one, for one purpose - to make a covenant with G-d; especially regarding the Minhagim of the communities; and the times have not changed - "today".
Days of Selichot 5732 467
Continuation of the above: The virtue of "drawers of water” over that of “your heads”. The virtue of the heel over that of the head (Likkutei Torah – Nitzavim). How can there be a condition that negates the possibility of fulfilling Torah and Mitzvot (even through Mesirat Nefesh). The virtue of feeling and intent (including the pain from not being able to fulfill the Mitzvot) over deed. Carefulness in the situation if one is indeed unable (אנוס).
Chai Elul 5732 471
Multiplicity and unity in Creation, including "time"; Virtue of Rosh Hashanah that occurs on Shabbat; “man was born to toil”, on the day of Shabbat – spiritual toil
Vav Tishrei 5733 475
Continuation of the above: The year of the Shemita – a Sabbath to G-d; The whole world is owned by G-d; the Mitzvot of Tzedakah, and not just physical Tzedakah.
Motzai Shabbat Kodesh – Chai Elul 5733 479
Rosh Hashanah teaches us the responsibility and powers given to each individual to impact the entire world like Adam HaRishon.
Vav Tishrei 5734 484
Continuation of the above: The aforementioned is also relevant to all the people of Yisroel as One People. Although "you are the least of all peoples", nevertheless they have in their power to influence all other peoples, and also abroad and during the Galut; The connection to the year of "Hakhel".
Days of Selichot 5734 489
Every one of Yisroel has the power to effect the coronation of G-d as King and through joy; Through trust in G-d, “G-d is my light and salvation, from whom shall I fear”, “Hope in G-d . . Hope in G-d”.
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