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(5745) The saying of R' Levi Yitzchak of Berdichev that on Shabbat Chazon "each and every one of us is shown the future Temple from afar" and his metaphor from a beautiful garment that a father sewed for his son etc.

The reason that the Temple is compared to a "garment" and not to a "house".

The connection of a "garment" to the Temple  and specifically to the Third Temple


The Parable of the Garments

The Torah portion of Devarim is always read on the Shabbos preceding the fast of the Ninth of Av, which commemorates the destruction of the first and second Holy Temples. This Shabbos is also known as Shabbos Chazon, the “Shabbos of Vision.”

The illustrious Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev explains that the day is so named because on this Shabbos, “every Jew is shown from afar a vision of the future Beis HaMikdash.”

Of course, the simple reason for the name Shabbos Chazon is that, as the Shabbos closest to the fast of the Ninth of Av, we then read the Haftorah which begins with the words “Chazon Yeshayahu,” the “Vision of Yeshayahu” — the last of the three “Haftorahsof Calamity” dealing with the destruction of the Holy Temples and the subsequent Jewish exiles.

Understandably, the closer this Shabbos falls to the Ninth of Av, the greater the calamity; when it immediately precedes the Ninth of Av, or actually falls on the Ninth of Av (with the fast being pushed off to the next day), then calamity is extant to an even greater degree.

Of course, the converse is also true: The vision of the future Beis HaMikdash shown to us on Shabbos Chazon because of its proximity to the fast of the Ninth of Av, is revealed to an even greater extent when the Ninth of Av actually falls on a Shabbos (as is the case this year).

What is the reason for this vision of the future Beis HaMikdash?

Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev explains this with the parable of a father who had a precious garment sewn for his son. The boy promptly tore it to shreds. The father then made him a second garment, but the child tore this one up as well. Thereafter, the father had yet another garment sewn for his son. This time, however, he did not permit the lad to wear it. He only let him to gaze upon it at appointed times, telling him that when he chose to conduct himself properly he would be allowed to wear it.

In this way, the father trained his son to act in a manner that ultimately became second nature. At this point, the father gave him the garment and allowed him to wear it.

All Torah parables, as part of the “Torah of Truth,” are exact in all their details. This must surely be so regarding a parable offered by the holy rabbi of Berditchev.

Accordingly, we must understand why Rabbi Levi Yitzchak likens the two Holy Temples to two garments, when the nature of a garment is temporary, while the innate quality of the two Holy Temples — were it not for the iniquities of the Jewish people — was that of permanence. Especially so, since the parable could have been drawn using abodes instead of garments.

We must conclude that, notwithstanding the impermanent nature of a garment, it contains a quality that a house lacks. It is for this reason that it is better to liken the Beis HaMikdashto a garment than to a dwelling.

A garment closely follows the proportions of its wearer, while a house is much larger than its inhabitant. The relationship of a garment to its wearer is thus much more precise than that of a house to its inhabitant. Therefore, one can tell much more about a person’s physical attributes by his clothing than by his house, which tells us only whether the owner is rich or poor, etc.

This is why the parable refers to garments rather than houses: The Beis HaMikdashincorporated differing degrees of holiness: the Courtyard, the Holy, the Holy of Holies, etc. This is similar to various garments, each of which conforms to the dimensions of its wearer.

This also holds true with regard to the spiritual service of a child and his training not to tear the garments he is given. In the analog, this means that not only does a person devote himself to G‑d in a general sense, but also that all the particular aspects of a Jew become so attuned to G‑d’s will that he becomes incapable of ruining the “garment” he is given.

The child then receives the third garment — the third Beis HaMikdash — not merely in a vision on Shabbos Chazon, but in reality and forever.

Based on Likkutei Sichos, Vol. XXIX, pp. 18-25

(From https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/92916/jewish/Devarim-Shabbos-Chazon.htm)

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The Sanctuary On High

Our Sages taught that “the Beis HaMikdash below is positioned opposite the Beis HaMikdash on high.”

This correspondence extends to the particular dimensions and components of the Beis HaMikdash, each of which reflected the level of sanctity enjoyed by its precise counterpart in the heavenly Beis HaMikdash.

There is reason to assume that this correspondence will be especially true of the Third Beis HaMikdash. In the First and Second Beis HaMikdash the correspondence was not apparent in detail: one could only tell that this was a House of G‑d with a general division into parts. In the Third Beis HaMikdash, by contrast, the parallelism will be visible in all its precision even to fleshly eyes.

The reason is that since the First and Second Beis HaMikdash were “buildings of mortal man,” they did not disclose manifest evidence of their exact correspondence to the “building of the Holy One, blessed be He.” In the Beis HaMikdash of the future, however, which will be a “building of the Holy One, blessed be He,” the way in which each of its details echoes a particular level in the Sanctuary on high will be plainly visible.

Likkutei Sichos, Vol. XXIX, p. 22

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A Glimpse of the Future Sanctuary

The saintly R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev used to point out that the name Shabbos Chazon stems from the word machazeh, meaning “vision”, for “on that day everyone is shown the future Beis HaMikdash.”

This is intended to arouse a Jew and encourage him: having caught a glimpse of the Third Beis HaMikdash in all its heavenly perfection, all that is left for him to do is to bring it down to this world.

And though not everyone quite sees the Third Beis HaMikdash, this situation may well be compared to the following episode in which “I Daniel alone saw the vision; the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them....”

On this the Sages ask: “If they did not see the apparition, why the dread?”

And they answer: “Though they did not see it, their heavenly soul-root saw it.”

In the same way, on Shabbos Chazon the transcendent root of the soul does see the future Sanctuary; moreover, this perception leaves an imprint on the individual, even on his body and on his animal soul.

The question has likewise been asked: What is the point of the proclamations uttered by the heavenly voice of which the Sages sometimes speak? Who hears it?

The answer given in Chassidus recalls the above explanation: The transcendent mazalhears the voice, and relays it soundlessly into the nether reaches of the soul that are garbed in the body.

Likkutei Sichos, Vol. XXIX, pp. 18, 22






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