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Vol 19.07 - Va'etchanan 2      Spanish French Audio  Video

Hebrew Text:

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Talmud-Menachot         Sifrei
Summary:

(5740) The difference, in the law of preceding the tefila of the hand to that of the head, between Shas (Menachot 36a)
and Mechilta (Bo 13:9) and the Sifrei (our Parsha 6:8)
 

Translation:

1. Concerning the order of putting on Tefillin, the Talmud states:

One taught: When putting on tefillin, one should put on first the hand-tefillah (Shel Yad ) and then the head-tefillah (Shel Rosh), and when he takes them off, he should take off first the head-tefillah and then the hand-tefillah. Now it is right that when he puts them on he should put on first the one on the hand and then the one on the head, since it is written, ‘And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand’ and then it says, ‘And they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes’ but whence do we know that on taking them off he should first take off the one from the head and then the one from the hand? —Rabbah said, R’ Huna explained it to me. The verse says, ‘And they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes’, that is to say, so long as they are ‘between thine eyes’ both shall be there.

(Rashi states:

“Two things are inferred: As long as they are ‘between thine eyes’ there should be two (both) , as long as the Shel Rosh is worn, the Shel Yad is worn. Therefore the Shel Yad is removed first”)

In the Mechilta (in Parshat Bo) on the verse ‘And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand’ it states:

“As long as the Tefillin Shel Yad are on the hand, place the Shel Rosh on the head. From here we way  that the Mitzvah of Tefillin  is  when  he places the Shel Yad and then the Shel Rosh;  and when he removes them he removes the Shel Rosh and afterwards the Shel Yad”

One must understand

  1. What is the reason  for the Talmud’s learning of the order of donning the Tefillin from the verse: ‘And you shall bind them‘ etc.’  and ‘And they shall be etc.’ in our Parsha and not from  the verse ( that is stated previousvly)  in Parshat Bo where the Mitzvah of Tefillin is stated for the first time – like in the Mechilta”
  2. From the simple understanding of the Talmud, it appears that we must rely on two teachings:
  1. One teaching on the law that: “When putting on tefillin, one should put on first the hand-tefillah (Shel Yad ) and then the head-tefillah (Shel Rosh)
  2. And a second teaching on the law:  “when he takes them off, he should take off first the head-tefillah and then the hand-tefillah.

However from the Mechilta both laws are learned from the same teaching.

2. We could seemingly answer one question with the other. To preface:

According to the Mechilta - how do we learn from one verse the second part: “when he takes them off, he should take off first the head-tefillah and then the hand-tefillah”?

The explanation is:

The difference between the command: ‘And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand ’in Parshat Kadesh (Bo) and the command: “‘And you shall bind them for a sign upon thy hand’ in our Parsha is:

  • In our parsha, the Mitzvah is the deed of ( the binding on) the person  -  “‘And you shall bind them for a sign upon thy hand’
  • However, in the verse: ‘And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand” in Parshat Kadesh , the command is: “it shall be” – that the Tefillin shoud be “a sign upon your hand” and for “a remembrance between your eyes”

In other words:

The verse in our Parsha speaks of the “person” (gavra) and in Parshat Kadesh ‘And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand” - regarding the “object” (cheftza).

And since the Talmud is concerned with the order of putting on Tefillin from the perspective of the (obligation of the) person (as it states): “When one puts on the tefillin one should put on first the Shel Yad and then the Shel Rosh”, it learns the source from the verse when the obligation is on the person putting them on: “

(Partial)

 

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